Thursday, January 19, 2012

"Wherever you find them, kill them." Murderous injunctions from the Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī

Sahih al-Bukhari, 9:83:17 (link to Book 83)
Allah's Apostle said, "The blood of a Muslim who confesses that none has the right to be worshipped but Allah and that I am His Apostle, cannot be shed except in three cases: In Qisas for murder, a married person who commits illegal sexual intercourse and the one who reverts from Islam (apostate) and leaves the Muslims."


Sahih al-Bukhari, 9:84:57 (link to Book 84)
Some Zanadiqa (atheists) were brought to 'Ali and he burnt them. The news of this event, reached Ibn 'Abbas who said, "If I had been in his place, I would not have burnt them, as Allah's Apostle forbade it, saying, 'Do not punish anybody with Allah's punishment (fire).' I would have killed them according to the statement of Allah's Apostle, 'Whoever changed his Islamic religion, then kill him.'"


Sahih al-Bukhari, 9:84:58
Abu Musa said, "I came to the Prophet along with two men (from the tribe) of Ash'ariyin, one on my right and the other on my left, while Allah's Apostle was brushing his teeth (with a Siwak), and both men asked him for some employment. The Prophet said, 'O Abu Musa (O 'Abdullah bin Qais!).' I said, 'By Him Who sent you with the Truth, these two men did not tell me what was in their hearts and I did not feel (realize) that they were seeking employment.' As if I were looking now at his Siwak being drawn to a corner under his lips, and he said, 'We never (or, we do not) appoint for our affairs anyone who seeks to be employed. But O Abu Musa! (or 'Abdullah bin Qais!) Go to Yemen.'" The Prophet then sent Mu'adh bin Jabal after him and when Mu'adh reached him, he spread out a cushion for him and requested him to get down (and sit on the cushion). Behold: There was a fettered man beside Abu Muisa. Mu'adh asked, "Who is this (man)?" Abu Muisa said, "He was a Jew and became a Muslim and then reverted back to Judaism." Then Abu Muisa requested Mu'adh to sit down but Mu'adh said, "I will not sit down till he has been killed. This is the judgment of Allah and His Apostle (for such cases) and repeated it thrice. Then Abu Musa ordered that the man be killed, and he was killed. Abu Musa added, "Then we discussed the night prayers and one of us said, 'I pray and sleep, and I hope that Allah will reward me for my sleep as well as for my prayers.'"


Sahih al-Bukhari, 9:84:64
Whenever I tell you a narration from Allah's Apostle, by Allah, I would rather fall down from the sky than ascribe a false statement to him, but if I tell you something between me and you (not a Hadith) then it was indeed a trick (i.e., I may say things just to cheat my enemy). No doubt I heard Allah's Apostle saying, "During the last days there will appear some young foolish people who will say the best words but their faith will not go beyond their throats (i.e. they will have no faith) and will go out from (leave) their religion as an arrow goes out of the game. So, wherever you find them, kill them, for whoever kills them shall have reward on the Day of Resurrection."



Percentage of Muslims in favor of the death penalty for apostates (those who "leave Islam"), by country:
  • Turkey 5%
  • Lebanon 6%
  • Indonesia 30%
  • Nigeria 51%
  • Pakistan 76%
  • Egypt 84%
  • Jordan 86%
Source: Muslim Publics Divided, Pew Global Attitudes Project report released on December 2, 2010. See, in particular, page 14. Here is a link to a pdf of the full report.



Further reading:

2 comments:

Anonymous said...

Many, many socially progressive people desperately want to believe that Islam is simply another confessional choice.

Thank the Gods that you are trying to show them their mistake, even if you are a left-of-center voice in the wilderness of wishful thinkers.

Katy Anders said...

Those stats are pretty amazing.

I don't know how a religious belief like that can even be approached. It's tough.

The Catholic Church in the 19th century - while not advocating the execution of apostates - condemned democracy, free speech, freedom of the press, etc.

There was a LOt of discrimination agfainst Catholics during that time period, and much of the discrimination was as odious as the catholic positions mentioned above.

But the Church ended up sawing off its rougher edges in the Sixties.

What is the path forward for Islam to modernize itself without a war of mutual destruction or... the crap of the last decade?

I dunno.